Since December 17 at the beginning of Turkey’s domestic policy agenda has been written a lot about the operation . America’s start this operation and planning of the claims . Need and academic community in the United States in the Turkish public opinion and academic studies as well as the world is now ” a retrograde power ” that is mentioned.
Well, actually the U.S. regressive “Power” in the Middle East , especially the change of foreign policy and domestic political reasons route withdrawal ” decline” comment made is it too early ? The answer is very clear and explicit ! With only about U.S. Middle East policy is whether adjudication.
U.S. think tank organizations in developed in the 1950s in the Middle East are doing research paradigms and strategies are drying up. Likewise, the Middle East Studies titled area of research within the discipline of international relations generally ranks and discipline around the fashion concepts are discussed.
Obama’s stance on foreign policy approach away from the security guard was shaped during the 20th century . Which meet the energy needs of the new U.S. foreign policy to the outside world using distance and resources on internal issues are shaped out of a country’s strategic posture .
In the United States in terms of foreign policy approach has three tractor to school. The first of these schools , America’s need to control the entire world who believe that the military power to do it and who think we should keep in the forefront of the controllers, ie controllers group . The largest U.S. strike force of arms , ie they believe that hard power . Adopting this strategy, the neo-cons usually the father-son Bush ‘s largest practitioners have been . Zbigniew Brzezinski , William Kristol , Robert Kagan Pentagon’s general preferences, such as names additionally be said that in this direction .
The second school , who should be shaping the world and the Shapers school called America’s ” lord of the world “, not ” leaders ” ought to be thinking . Development of leadership qualities and strategic partnerships , although others are not , emphasizes the importance of getting along with others way . In this context, military weapons that are effective , but that there are economic relations from the U.S. soft power , should be directed to use the strength of orientation is to say . Clinton and Obama in part close to that opinion , Joesph Nye theorist of this school .
United States ‘ foreign policy approach while the third school to the withdrawal of American power, arguing that their continent ” abstainers ” group. The United States as far as possible away from other parts of the world should stop saying that the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 from having an attitude izolastiyonist adopters are included in this group. Among them Thomas Friedman, the liberal world works without interfering with the passage of giving adjoining marketeers as well as Pat Buchanan as the United States’ own companies and production to strengthen their own country social problems to deal with issues such as the need to spare time arguing that conservatives there . According to this school of Savucu the United States to the world , especially Europe and the periphery , if he tries to intervene when the side effects of it are attracting American taxpayers . However, if the opposite bank of the jobs at the end of how far it is known to benefit from the blessings of this case .
Partially ” Shapers ” school, standing close to Obama’s approach parallels can be argued that some of these schools . Especially outside military forces pull back after the economic crisis , its allies and the American people to give way to study the interior of the interest in social problems it is closer to this category . Despite this thing’s sure, the Obama Iraq and Afghanistan withdrawal process despite the world is not closed properly , unlike the first election campaign in Berlin launched the election immediately after the Turkey and Egypt, the Muslim geography and called the one hand, the Far East to visit and various with the rhetoric of a leader who declared . In a sense, one which aims to be the leader of the whole world .
We mentioned briefly in the United States comes to America’s schools Referring to see that there is a clique . Mentioned schools perspective and the weight of the world or looking behind the scenes of the operations in Turkey can be analyzed. In later times , particularly the future of the Middle East and Turkey, I believe predictably.
Supplementary Bibliography: America’s “schools” see about “Deniz Ülke ARIBOĞAN, Büyük Resmi Görmek, İstanbul, 2013, Timaş,s.62 -63.